About Green Flooring

Get Green Flooring at A.J. Rose Carpets & Flooring near Boston, MA

A.J. Rose Carpets & Flooring has made a commitment to our environment and our future. Through our Green Edge initiative we have adopted sustainable, renewable and recyclable approaches to our business operations. We not only sell environmentally friendly products, but we operate as a company under those same principles.

What exactly does this mean for you?

When you purchase a Green-labeled product at A.J. Rose, you are buying a product that is one or more of the following:

  • Sustainable: Flooring made from technologies that use less energy, fewer limited resources, do not deplete natural resources, do not directly or indirectly pollute the environment, and may be reused or recycled at the end of their useful life.
  • Renewable: Products that are up to 37% produced by renewable resources such as corn sugar.
  • Recycled: Products that are made from recycled soda bottles. Recycled carpet can be made from recycled polyethylene terephthalate (PET) or from recovered textile fibers. PET plastic is usually found in plastic soda bottles. About 40 two-liter soda bottles are recycled per square yard of carpeting. The backing used for recycled content carpet is the same as traditional carpets. In addition, when A.J. Rose disposes old flooring from your home, we dispose of the old carpet and padding in one of the only carpet recycling facilities in the state. Keeping carpet out of landfills and reusing carpet and pad for post- consumer products is a top priority at A.J. Rose.

 

We at A.J. Rose continue to research and explore all initiatives related to the health of our environment. We are dedicated to making our industry more responsible and accountable for the decisions we make. Green Edge is one way that our carpet stores near Boston can participate in the preservation and restoration of our future.

Look for specially marked Green Edge products at all of our locations in Natick, Burlington and Saugus!

 

Click the logos below for more information on green products we carry

What is Green?

A product’s ‘eco-balance’ is based on an analysis of: its durability and whether its production;

  • Uses primary energy carriers, such as mineral oil and gas;
  • Depletes scarce raw materials;
  • Has fertilization effects;
  • Leads to acidification;
  • Damages the ozone layer;
  • Contributes to global warming;
  • Produces waste products.

According to MIT’s center for transportation and logistics: Environmental regulations are changing the way supply chains are designed and managed. The problem is that the sheer number of regulations, other influences such as changing consumer sentiment, and the complexity of global trade, makes it difficult for companies to decide exactly how they should respond to these pressures. 


Green Considerations:


Raw Materials

  • Ideal products being as a plant (bamboo, wood, cork)
  • How products are harvested is critical
  • Important to select sustainable harvested products
  • Consider salvaged products

Manufacturing Process

  • Less a product is altered, the better
  • Stone, wood and bamboo require the least manipulation
  • Others require chemical processing

Transportation

  • Beware of products that have to be transported across the ocean or long distances
  • Products within 500 miles are considered acceptable
  • Shop locally when possible from vendors that supply locally

 

 

Green Home Benefits:


General Benefits

  • Lower operating costs – less expensive utility bills because of energy and water efficiency
  • Increased comfort- green built homes enjoy more even temperatures with fewer drafts
  • Durability and Lowered Maintenance – green homes are built with materials that are designed to last longer and require less routine maintenance

Green Flooring

Green flooring is any flooring that is sustainable, eco-friendly, contains recycled content, is recyclable, leaves a small carbon footprint or has low VOC’s (Volatile Organic Compound). There are different degrees of green when referring to different types of flooring.



Cork
  • Better than a renewable resource because it is a harvested resource (only the bark is harvested from the tree)
  • A recycled product because cork floors are made from the waste cork that makes wine stoppers.
  • A law in the 1930’s called “The 9 Year Law” was passed to keep cork from being harvested any sooner than every 9 years. The tree has to reach 60 cm in circumference before it can be harvested. The first harvest from a cork tree can only occur at age 25.
  • The tree is not destroyed or damaged when harvesting cork.
  • To complete the environmentally sound process, water based finishes and adhesives should be used.
Bamboo
  • Bamboo is a rapidly renewing resource that matures in three years
  • It regenerates without need for replanting
  • It also requires minimal fertilization or pesticides
  • There currently is no FSC certified bamboo so it is important to see what you can confirm about the bamboo you are interested in before purchasing.
Carpet
  • According to the Carpet and Rug Institute: The carpet industry is minimizing carpet’s impact on the environment through the new “3 Rs” which stand for reduce, reuse and recycle.  When carpet reaches the end of its long life, it is reused to make new carpet or is recycled into a variety of products, ranging from roofing shingles and railroad ties to automotive parts.
  • Factors that determine if carpet is “green”: carpet fibers, toxics content, dye, VOC emissions, and recycled content.
  • The Green Label and Green Label Plus from the Carpet and Rug Institute ensure that customers are purchasing among the lowest emitting carpet, adhesive and cushion products on the market.
Stone

There is no clear data on the impact of using stone as a building material on the environment; when the data is collected it will contain information on water and energy consumption, yields from raw materials, recyclability  and other measures that are considered in life cycle assessments, energy used in transportation, processing and selling the material.

  • Stone does have the following features:
  • It’s a natural product
  • It has an enduring life cycle so it doesn’t have to be replaced
  • Ease of care and maintenance
  • Recyclable
  • Quarry and manufacturing use best practices
  • Can be reclaimed
Hardwood
  • Natural Resource
  • Renewable
  • Recyclable
  • Suitable for a “healthy home” environment
  • Forests are managed for replanting
Linoleum
  • Made from all natural materials
  • The natural raw materials used to create Linoleum are available in abundance: linseed oil, rosin, wood flour, cork flour, ecologically responsible pigments and jute.
  • These raw materials are harvested or extracted with relatively little energy consumption. The main energy resource for the process is the sun. The plants and trees that supply linoleum's raw materials also contribute to the production of oxygen and the subsequent reduction of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, thus reducing the amount of greenhouse gasses present in the atmosphere.
  • Can be recycled
  • The energy obtained from incinerating linoleum is roughly equivalent to or even more than that which is used in production.
  • Linoleum can be safely added to landfill refuse sites, where natural decomposition takes place. Linoleum is fully biodegradable and does not release harmful substances or gases such as chlorine and dioxins.
  • Adhesives are 100% solvent free and meet all low VOC requirements
  • Does not require maintenance from harmful chemicals
  • Linoleum contains virtually no trace of toxic material and is naturally beneficial to air quality.
Ceramic Tile
  • Rarely release emissions
  • Some contain recycled content
  • Long lasting and not replaced frequently
  • Requires little maintenance
  • Value is unclear due to it’s weight causing more fuel during transportation
Carpet Cushion

The Carpet and Rug Institute (CRI) has established the Green Label program to test for VOCs in cushion used under carpet.  This program helps you choose low-emission cushion. You can identify these products by looking for the program’s green and white seal. These products are continuously monitored to ensure that they maintain compliance.
Cushion products are characterized as prime polyurethane, bonded polyurethane, mechanically frothed polyurethane, rubber-hair, rubber–jute, synthetic fiber, resinated or coated synthetic fiber, rubber and rubberized polyurethane.
Cushions are tested for total volatile organic compounds (TVOCs), butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), formaldehyde and 4-phenylcyclohexine (4-PCH).
Carpet cushion can be:

  • Made from100% recycled bonded cushion from polyurethane foam or 100% recycled content in Rebond Carpet Cushion, a bonded polyurethane product
  • Made with 97% recycled rubber for carpet underlayment
  • Made with no CFC’s, latex or chemical additives
  • Made with 100% recycled tire rubber carpet pad.  Withstands temperatures from 40 to 120 degrees.  Free of toxic materials such as PCB, mercury, and formaldehyde
  • Made from ground tire scrap rubber granules bonded with latex and 92% recycled tire rubber

Installation

  • Use adhesives with low VOC’s
  • Choose water based finishes over solvent based

Adhesives

Adhesives are just as important to consider when purchasing flooring as the flooring itself. Adhesives with harmful toxins can damage indoor air quality by giving off harmful gasses.
Tips for Adhesives:

  • Choose low VOC’s (Volatile Organic Compounds)
  • Do not contain formaldehyde
  • Qualify for the Carpet and Rug Institutes Indoor Air Quality green label
  • Once installed, floors still give off gas compounds
  • Less durable floors have to be replaced more often
  • High maintenance floors use more harsh chemicals
  • Consider floors that don’t have to be refinished

Green Maintenance

In addition to types of green flooring, there are products that can be used in conjunction with flooring that may possess green qualities.  The most common are adhesives and cleaners.

There are further considerations than just the actual flooring that will be purchased. The installation method and products used should be taken into consideration as well as how the final product will be maintained.

Cleaners
Tips for Cleaners:

  • Choose products with natural ingredients
  • Consider homemade cleaners like vinegar, baking soda or mild dishwashing detergent
  • Read labels thoroughly for ingredients

Maintaining your green living space:

Keep caulked areas caulked.  Every degree of temperature variance in a home can result in up to 10% addition to your heating and cooling expenses.

Check your doors. Energy can be lost through doors that are not spaced properly from the floor. If you are having flooring replaced or added, a professional installer can check your doors for proper install height.

Minimize use of space heaters. Spaces heaters are energy hogs and can generate more than 2 pounds of greenhouse gas per hour. These heaters don’t help your hardwood floors because the heaters increase the contraction of hardwood floors.

Purchase hardwood floors with the FSC Seal that are not clear cut or harvested in a sustainable fashion. There are only 4% of our own native, old growth forests still standing. The US is the worlds largest importer and consumer of timber woods and products.

Other Green Building Selections To Consider

Lighting and HVAC

  • Light bulbs – the easiest and smartest thing you can do to contribute is to change the type of light bulbs you use. A single CFL (Compact Fluorescent) replaces up to 10 traditional light bulbs and uses about a quarter of the energy.  They will last 5-7 years! One CF light bulb saves 500 pounds of coal.
  • Eco bulbs are usually brighter than the packaging says, so if you are looking for a 60 watt, you only need to buy a 40 watt.
  • Properly sized and highly efficient furnaces
  • Use air tight can lighting rather than traditional can lighting to prevent air from escaping around each unit
  • Use HEPA (high efficiency particulate) air filters
  • Use central vacuum systems because they are isolate and remove household floor pollutants
  • Choose heating and cooling devices that are energy star approved
  • Choose programmable thermostats to decrease energy use when not needed.

Paint and Wallpaper

  • Use Low VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds) paints and primers
  • Use paints, primers and finishes that are solvent free.
  • Choose wallcoverings that are made with environmentally friendly fibers and water based inks.
  • Choose pre-pasted wallcoverings that do not contain vinyl, PVC or VOC’s which can emit toxins into the air
  • Breathable wallcoverings inhibit the growth of mold and mildew

Appliances

  • Choose appliances with the Energy Star label – these use much less water and electricity and save you money in the long run
  • Choose ovens that do not require pre-heating
  • Choose cooktops that boil water faster to conserve cooking times

Cabinets and Countertops

  • Choose cabinets that are manufactured with low VOC (Volatile Organic Compounds) materials
  • Choose countertops that are made from natural materials like granite, marble or quartz
  • Choose countertops that are made from recycled materials
  • Choose woods for cabinets that come from sustainable forests

Plumbing

  • Low flow faucets, shower heads and toilets – they perform just as well while saving water in the process
  • Electronic and hands free plumbing fixtures not only help promote better personal hygiene, but in the long run help you use less water
  • Use solar hot water heaters, if possible
  • Cut water heating costs with tankless water heaters

Interior Windows

  •  Plantation shutters painted with Low VOC paints can help improve indoor air quality because they are less likely to collect dust and allergens
  • Plantation shutters help conserve energy in the winter and the summer.
  • Closed shutters, window shades, blinds, curtains and lined draperies contribute to energy savings by helping to insulate windows.
  • Choose windows that are designed to be eco-friendly in order to reduce and prevent drafts

Exterior

  • Choose well insulated windows and doors
  • Choosing exterior finishes like brick and stucco that are long lasting and will not require maintenance and upkeep.
  • Install solar panels wherever possible for free, clean and unlimited solar energy
  • Keep window tracks, door thresholds and weather stripping clean and intact.
  • Use double paned windows the air between the glass provides additional insulation

End of life

  • Ask yourself what will happen to the floor when you have finished
  • Can the floor be recycled or reused
  • Can the floor be donated
  • Synthetic products don’t decay but can be recycled

Green Tips

The extent that you participate in the growing green movement is a personal preference. There are so many different ways to contribute to saving the planet. The more savvy you can be about products/services you use, the better. Today is the day you can start by changing 5 things in your life, then adding more next week until you find yourself as green as you can be!

Weigh the issues and understand your role in the big picture

1. Avoid ozone-depleting chemicals in mechanical equipment and insulation.

  • CFCs have largely been phased out, but their primary replacements—HCFCs-- also damage the ozone layer and should be avoided where possible.
  • Reclaim CFCs when servicing or disposing of equipment and, if possible, take CFC based foam insulation to a recycler who can capture CFCs.

2. Use durable products and materials.

  • Because manufacturing is very energy-intensive, a product that lasts longer or requires less maintenance usually saves energy.
  • Durable products also contribute less to our solid waste problems.

3. Choose low-maintenance building materials.

  • Where possible, select building materials that will require little maintenance (painting, re-treatment, waterproofing, etc.), or whose maintenance will have minimal environmental impact.

4. Choose building materials with low embodied energy.

  • One estimate of the relative energy intensity of various materials (by weight) is as follows: Lumber = 1, Brick = 2, Cement = 2, Glass = 3, Fiberglass = 7, Steel = 8, Plastic = 30, Aluminum = 80 -- source: Building and Environment vol. 17 no. 1

5. Buy locally produced building materials.

  • Transportation is costly in both energy use and pollution generation. Look for locally produced materials to replace products imported to your area.

6. Use building products made from recycled materials.

  • Reduce landfill pressure and save natural resources by using salvaged materials: lumber, millwork, certain plumbing fixtures, and hardware, for example.
  • Make sure these materials are safe, and don’t sacrifice energy efficiency or water efficiency by reusing old windows or toilets.

7. Use salvaged building materials when possible.

  • Reduce landfill pressure and save natural resources by using salvaged materials: lumber, millwork, certain plumbing fixtures, and hardware, for example.
  • Make sure these materials are safe (test for lead paint and asbestos).
  • Don’t sacrifice energy efficiency or water efficiency by reusing old windows or toilets.

8. Seek responsible wood supplies.

  • Use lumber from independently certified well-managed forests.
  • Avoid lumber products produced from old growth timber when acceptable alternative exist. Engineered wood can be substituted for old growth Douglas fir, for example.
  • Don’t buy tropical hardwoods unless the seller can document that the wood comes from well managed forests.

9. Avoid materials that will off gas pollutants.

  • Solvent based finishes, adhesives, carpeting, particleboard, and many other building products release formaldehyde and volatile organic compounds into the air. These chemicals can affect workers’ and occupants’ health as well as contribute to smog and ground level ozone pollution outside.

10. Minimize use of pressure-treated lumber.

  • Use detailing that will prevent soil contact and rot.
  • Where possible, use alternatives such as recycled plastic lumber.
  • Take measure to protect workers when cutting and handling pressure treated wood, and never burn scraps.

11. Minimize packaging waste.

  • Avoid excessive packaging, such as plastic-wrapped plumbing fixtures or fasteners that aren’t available in bulk. Tell your supplier why you are avoiding over-packaged products. Keep in mind, however, that some products must be carefully packaged to prevent damage and resulting waste.

Green Speaking

Did you know?

  • The US is a source for 25% of the world’s green house gas emissions?
  • The average American family uses 102,000 gallons of water
  • Each day 5 billion gallons of potable water is used just to flush toilets! (10,000 tons per day!) However, the detergent that is used to clean cloth diapers can be just as harmful, more water, energy and detergent are used to clean them. Washing in bulk, line drying and choosing diapers that are biodegradable and chemical free is the best bet.
  • More than 18 billion disposable diapers are thrown away each year.
  • The average American’s ecological footprint (the area of land required to sustain consumption and waste) is more than 25 acres which is 5 times more than what is sustainable globally.
  • One third of the trash tossed in the US is a packaging material. Americans toss more that 75 million tons of packaging and containers. (that’s 532 pounds per person into landfills each year) Sad thing is, less than 40% is recycled.
  • The US transportation system is the largest in the world and accounts for 1/3 of our greenhouse gas emissions. (more that 515 million tons of CO2 each year or 70% of the oil consumed in the US and more that we produce as a nation)

Stats around green and Recycling – From the EPA:

  • In 1999, recycling and composting activities prevented about 64 million tons of material from ending up in landfills and incinerators. Today, this country recycles 32.5 percent of its waste, a rate that has almost doubled during the past 15 years.
  • While recycling has grown in general, recycling of specific materials has grown even more drastically: 52 percent of all paper, 31 percent of all plastic soft drink bottles, 45 percent of all aluminum beer and soft drink cans, 63 percent of all steel packaging, and 67 percent of all major appliances are now recycled.
  • Twenty years ago, only one curbside recycling program existed in the United States, which collected several materials at the curb. By 2006, about 8,660 curbside programs had sprouted up across the nation. As of 2005, about 500 materials recovery facilities had been established to process the collected materials.

Your Role
Lifestyle changes – live as simply as possible

These changes may seem small and simple, but when they are combined with the efforts of others, the impact is multiplied and successful!

  • Recycle household goods (click here for EPA recycling guidelines on recycling)
  • Turn off noisy or unneeded appliances
  • Purchase recycled products
  • Start composting - Composting yard and kitchen waste can reduce the amount of household trash by up to 70%.
  • Use filtered water instead of bottled water
  • Recycle cameras, computers and cell phones
  • Plant a tree to offset carbon dioxide contributions
  • Choose cookware and utensils that are high quality so they do not have to be replaced often
  • Eat natural foods rather than foods that are processed, packaged and require additional re-heating.
  • Using a pressure cooker can reduce cooking times, and energy, by as much as 70%.
  • Buy local as often as possible. Look for products with minimal packaging.
  • Buy in bulk and cook in bulk; just make sure you can consume what you purchase and produce!
  • Take your own bags to the grocery store or recycle the bags you use.
  • Carpool, shop together and share!

These changes may seem small and simple, but when they are combined with the efforts of others, the impact is multiplied and successful!

What this means to you – The extent that you participate in this green movement is personal preference. There are so many different ways to contribute to saving the planet. The more savvy you can be about products/services you use, the better.

Being a Smart Green Consumer
Greenwashing – What it means and how it effects you:

  • What it means – it is a term that is used to describe the act of misleading consumers regarding the environmental practices of a company or the environmental benefits of a product or service. The term Green sheen has similarly been used to describe organizations which attempt to appear that they are adopting practices beneficial to the environment. The term came into use around 1990. The term is generally used when significantly more money or time has been spent advertising being green (that is, operating with consideration for the environment), rather than spending resources on environmentally sound practices Environmentalists often use greenwashing to describe the actions of energy companies, which are traditionally the largest polluters.
  • How it affects you - This is often portrayed by changing the name or label of a product, to give the feeling of nature, for example putting an image of a forest on a bottle of harmful chemicals.
  • How you can avoid it – You can very simply read the ingredients on the back of the bottle to see if harmful ingredients are listed. If you are feeling more ambitious, you can check the manufacturers website for more information and even contact them to ask questions directly.

Green Glossary – Understanding Common Terminology

Acidification - Acidification is the process whereby air pollution mainly ammonia, sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides is converted into acid substances. This acid rain is best known for the damage it causes to forests and lakes.

American Tree Farm System – The American Tree Farm System (ATFS) is a program of the American Forest Foundation,  committed to sustaining forests, watershed and healthy habitats through the power of private stewardship.  Their mission is  to promote the growing of renewable forest resources on private lands while protecting environmental benefits and increasing public understanding of all benefits of productive forestry.

Carbon Footprint - A Carbon Footprint is made up of the sum of two parts, the direct / primary footprint and the indirect / secondary footprint. The primary footprint is a measure of our direct emissions of CO2 from the burning of fossil fuels including domestic energy consumption and transportation (e.g. car and plane).  The secondary footprint is a measure of the indirect CO2 emissions from the whole lifecycle of products we use - those associated with their manufacture and eventual breakdown.

Cradle to Cradle – It’s the idea that at the end of life, any product can be turned into something else to close the cycle so that ultimately there is no waste.

Eco-friendly - Environmentally friendly, eco-friendly, and nature friendly are synonyms used to refer to goods and services considered to inflict minimal harm on the environment. There is no international standard for this concept yet.

Energy Star Rating - One of the main goals of the ENERGY STAR program is to develop performance-based specifications that determine the most efficient products in a particular category. Products that meet these specifications earn the ENERGY STAR label. To develop ENERGY STAR product specifications, EPA and DOE use a systematic process that relies on rigorous market, engineering, and pollution savings analyses as well as input from industry stakeholders. This process ensures that the ENERGY STAR: identifies products where large gains in energy efficiency and pollution reduction can be cost-effectively realized and can play an influential role to expand the market for these products.

Floor Score Program – developed in conjunction with the Scientific Certification Systems (SCS), is a certification system that specifically for hard surface flooring and flooring adhesives that meet California’s VOC requirements. Floor Score certification requires independent testing and verification by SCS.

FSC Certified (wood) - Products bearing the FSC logo, which guarantees that the wood from a certified well-managed forest, are available across the world from a variety of mills, manufacturers, and distributors.

Global Warming - Global warming is the increase in the average temperature of the Earth's near-surface air and oceans since the mid-twentieth century and its projected continuation.

Green Guard- The GREENGUARD Environmental Institute (GEI) is an industry-independent, non-profit organization that oversees the GREENGUARD Certification Program.  As an ANSI Authorized Standards Developer, GEI establishes acceptable indoor air standards for indoor products, environments, and buildings. GEI’s mission is to improve public health and quality of life through programs that improve indoor air.

Green Home – a green home uses less energy, water and natural resources; create less waste; and is healthier for the people living inside.

Green Label and Green Label Plus Program – The Carpet and Rug Institute offers certification through the Green Label and Green Label Plus Program of carpeting products (e.g. carpet, adhesives and cushions) that are low emitting. A carpet manufacturer may use the Green Label seal if the product is independently tested and the test results do not exceed the CRI’s emission criteria.

Greenhouse gases - are components of the atmosphere that contribute to the greenhouse effect. Without the greenhouse effect the Earth would be uninhabitable; in its absence, the mean temperature of the earth would be about −19 °C (−2 °F, 254 K) rather than the present mean temperature of about 15 °C (59 °F, 288 K). Greenhouse gases include, in order of relative abundance: water vapor, carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, ozone and CFCs.

Greenwashing -– it is a term that is used to describe the act of misleading consumers regarding the environmental practices of a company or the environmental benefits of a product or service.

LEED – LEED for homes is a green home rating system for assuring that homes are designed and built to be energy and resource efficient and healthy for occupants.

NSF-140 – was created by the Carpet and Rug Institure (CRI) with the assistance of NSF International. The purpose is to provide a method of identifying carpeting that offers environmental, economic, and social benefits and reduce adverse impacts over its entire commercial life cycle.

National Green Building Standard- this standard will provide criteria for assessing the environmental impact of the design, construction and renovation of residential buildings. According to the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB) the standard will reflect regional characteristics where possible.

Post Consumer Waste - Post-consumer waste is a waste type produced by the end consumer of a material stream; that is, where the waste-producing use did not involve the production of another product. Quite commonly, it is simply the garbage that individuals routinely discard, either in a waste receptacle or a dump, or by littering, incinerating, pouring down the drain, or washing into the gutter. Post-consumer waste is distinguished from pre-consumer waste, which is the reintroduction of manufacturing scrap (such as trimmings from paper production, defective aluminum cans, etc.), back into the manufacturing process. Pre-consumer waste is commonly used in manufacturing industries, and is often not considered recycling in the traditional sense.

REGREEN – is a set of guidelines and educational resources for sustainable  residential improvement products under development from American Society of Interior Designers (ASID) and the USGBC.

Recycled content – Products that say they contain recycled content cannot necessarily be recycled.

Renewable Resource - A natural resource qualifies as a renewable resource if it is replenished by natural processes at a rate comparable or faster than its rate of consumption by humans or other users. Resources such as solar radiation, tides, and winds are perpetual resources that are in no danger of being used in excess of their long-term availability.

Scientific Certification Systems - SCS is a leading third-party provider of certification, auditing and testing services, and standards, founded in 1984. Their goal is to recognize the highest levels of performance in food safety and quality, environmental protection and social responsibility in the private and public sectors, and to stimulate continuous improvement in sustainable development.

Shades of green – often used to refer to the various levels of achievement in adopting resource efficiency in a home.  Homes with one or two green measures are called “light green” while homes with several green measures are called “deep green”.

SMART Standard – was developed by the institute for Market Transformation to Sustainability (MTS). MTS represents a coalition of manufacturers, environmental groups, and state and local government leaders. The SMART Standard works by identifying flooring materials and products that achieve a variety of specified performance based sustainability criteria.

Sustainable design - Sustainable design (also referred to as "green design", "eco-design", or "design for environment") is the art of designing physical objects and the built environment to comply with the principles of economic, social, and ecological sustainability. It ranges from the microcosm of designing small objects for everyday use, through to the macrocosm of designing buildings, cities, and the earth's physical surface. It is a growing trend within the fields of architecture, landscape architecture, urban design, urban planning, engineering, graphic design, industrial design, interior design and fashion design. The needed aim of sustainable design is to produce places, products and services in a way that reduces use of non-renewable resources, minimizes environmental impact, and relates people with the natural environment.

Sustainable development - is that which meets all the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. -The U.N. Brundtland Commission – 1987 (//www.greenbuildingpages.com/main_sd.html )

Sustainable Forestry Initiative - The Sustainable Forestry Initiative® (SFI) program is based on the premise that responsible environmental behavior and sound business decisions can co-exist. SFI program participants practice sustainable forestry on all the lands they manage. They also influence millions of additional acres through the training of loggers and foresters in best management practices and landowner outreach programs.